Currently, the following organs can be donated and transplanted:
Heart - A muscular organ that pumps blood through the body. Heart transplant is used to help those suffering from heart failure and babies born with heart defects.
Liver - A large organ that secretes bile and is active in the formation of certain blood proteins and in the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. Liver transplant is used to treat various conditions which cause liver failure, such as cirrhosis or liver cancer.
Kidneys - Pair of organs that maintain proper water and electrolyte balance, regulates acid-base concentration, and filters the blood of metabolic waste, which is excreted as urine. A kidney transplant may be recommended for those who have been diagnosed with chronic end stage renal disease.
Lungs - A pair of spongy organs that remove carbon dioxide from the blood and provide it with oxygen. Lung transplants are recommended for those with severe lung disease. Sometimes there is a combined heart and lung transplant.
Pancreas - Long, irregularly shaped gland which lies behind the stomach and aids in the digestion of proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. Pancreas transplant is indicated for those with insulin-dependent Type I diabetes.
Tissues that can be donated are:
Cornea - The outer curved transparent tissue covering the iris and pupils on the outside of the eye. Corneal transplant is a common procedure used to restore vision for those with eye diseases and corneal infections.
Skin - A tissue which protects the body from infection and injury. Skin transplants, referred to as skin grafts, are used to treat severe burns, extensive wounds and skin loss due to infection.
Heart Valves - Tissues that prevent the back flow of blood into the heart. Heart valve transplants are used to treat malfunctioning heart valves caused by infections, birth defects and aging. When an entire heart is not usable, heart valves are removed from the heart and are used for transplants.
Bones - Connective tissues that are dense, semi rigid, porous, and calcified forming the major portion of the skeleton of most vertebrates. Bone transplantation is done –for reconstruction related to trauma, tumors, disease and fractures and fill defects. For the recipient, it restores mobility, decreases pain and prevents amputation and collapse of bone.
Tendons - Tissues which attach muscles to bones. Tendon transplants are recommended for patients who have lost muscle function and due to nerve injury or damage to tendons. It improves the recipient’s life and makes it pain free.